PhysicoChimie des Processus de Combustion et de l'Atmosphère

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General presentation

RESEARCH in ENERGETICS and ENVIRONMENT

  • Physical chemistry of fundamental processes
  • Analytical methods development (laser diagnostics, coupling of methods)
  • Implementation of laboratory and semi-pilot scale reactors
  • Applications: engines, burners, aeronautics, atmospheric pollution, health, climate...

RESEARCH TEAMS

ER1: Physical Chemistry of Combustion

  • Chemical kinetic and combustion in engines
    • Reformulation of fuels / biofuels / natural gas/hydrogen – Mitigation of polluting emissions
    • Experimental studies of auto-ignition in rapid compression machine
    • Development of detailed kinetic mechanisms of the oxidation and auto-ignition of hydrocarbons
  • Laser diagnostics and kinetic mechanisms: flames, clean processes
    • Mechanisms of production and consumption of pollutants: NOx, COV, PAH, soot
    • Combustion of synthetic fuels, biofuels, biomass, coal …
    • Development of laser diagnostics techniques
    • In-situ coupling of optical diagnostics with intrusive analytical methods
    • Development of detailed kinetic mechanisms of combustion

ER2: Physical chemistry of the Atmosphere

  • Homogeneous and heterogeneous reactivity in the atmosphere
    •  Determination of rate constants and products of reactions of atmospheric interest
    • Heterogeneous reactivity and health impacts of polluting particles (pollens, soot)
    • Physical chemistry of atmospheric aerosol particles
    • Chemical and photochemical pollution in the atmosphere
    • Photo-catalysis in air quality improvement
  •  Air Quality – Metrology and Modeling
    • Experimental characterization and numerical simulation of indoor and outdoor environments
    • Development of optical diagnostics techniques
    • Field campaign measurements
    • Determination of pollution levels, pollutant sources and sinks. Impacts on health and climate
    • Relation between weather conditions and pollution episodes occurrences

ER3: Common Research Team C3R «Chemical kinetics, Combustion, Reactivity: nuclear security» (IRSN/CNRS/Lille1)

  • Experimental study and modeling of reactivity of fission products (Iodine, Boron, Cesium)
  • Transportation of iodine in reactor primary circuit – Reactivity modeling using ab-initio methods
  • Experimental characterization of PAH and soot in the event of accidental fire
  • Source terms and radiological consequences – Modeling using molecular dynamics - Simulations
  • Interactions between surfaces and fission products

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